What is the largest land mammal?

Many a time out of great interest or perhaps just out of curiosity you must have wanted to know, what is the largest land mammal? The largest land animal alive today is the African elephant, but even the largest African elephant alive today is very small in size compared to the largest mammal that ever existed, and that is the giant herbivore Paraceratherium.

Paraceratherium, also known as Indricotherium, and Baluchitherium is a prehistoric animal that evokes fascination and admiration even today. The mammal was known by three different names because earlier it was believed that they were three different species. However, in 1989, after a research conducted by J. C. Sobus and S. G. Lucas, it was confirmed that all these three are the names of the same species.

When was it discovered?

Fossils of Indricotherium were first discovered in the Balochistan province in 1910. The remains were found by a team of English paleontologists, which was led by Sir Clive Forster Cooper.

Indricotherium existed during the Oligocene period, about 25 million years ago, and it was endemic to Central Asia and Eurasia. It shared its environment with animals like Entelodont, Bear dogs, Hyaenodon and Chalicotherium.

Their characteristic features

Paraceratherium was a huge, hornless rhinoceros, which easily could be differentiated from its current-day cousin owing to their lack of a horn. It had a very thick and massive torso. The skull of this largest land mammal was short if compared to its entire huge body, as it was about 53.14 inches. The neck of Indricotherium was really long, about 2 meters. This made it easy for the mammal to fetch food even from the highest tree branches.

Indricotherium had muscled and slender legs and owing to its length it could take longer steps and easily cover long distances. These mammals also had nice muscled lips which allowed it to manipulate and spin their food before they would eat it.

Their size

The largest mammal that ever lived, Indricotherium�s total body length was about 10 meters and its height at shoulders was about 5 meters. It weighed somewhere between 10 to 20 tons.

What did they eat?

Despite being huge in size, Paraceratherium was a very calm animal, and its diet comprised of plants only. Owing to its long neck and huge size it could easily eat their food from the tree branches without facing any trouble.

Their lifestyle

Owing to their huge size the adult Indricotherium had no fear of predators. Young ones stayed under the protection of their mothers until they were self-sufficient. Fights between males for dominance are believed to have occurred occasionally, thus leading to tougher male skulls. As per experts, these mammals had a long life span, and could easily live up to 100 years.

Their extinction

The most important factor that contributed to the extinction of Paraceratherium is said to be drastic changes in climate in the Miocene epoch. Such changes were a result of the tectonic uplifting of the Himalayas, and it resulted in great temperature drop, the disappearance of the forest ecosystems, and green areas became deserted. As their food source became scarce and their numbers started getting lower, they may have become more vulnerable to other threats, thus leading to their complete extinction.

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Nature’s Largest and Most Dangerous Reptiles

reptiles

Reptiles are not the most cute nor cuddly creatures on earth. Their size is no indication of their risk or safety. The most venomous snakes on earth are not the largest. However among the largest reptiles are Crocodiles, Cobras and Pythons and these are the most dangerous reptilian predators on the planet.

Crocodiles

Crocodiles are arguably the largest living reptile in the world and adult males can grow to over seven meters long and weigh in at four hundred kilograms.

Estuarine crocodiles comb the brackish waters from Northern Australia through Indonesia, Malaysia to Eastern India. They are just as comfortable in fresh water rivers and swamps and that can place them dangerously close to towns and villages.

Despite their size the estuarine crocodiles are stealthy as most hunt from below the surface of the water. Only their eyes and nostrils are visible while the rest of their bodies remain hidden and then with just one thrust of their muscular tails they reveal themselves and launch out of the water on top of their prey. Even the largest of prey like bullocks are no match for these ambush hunters and their death roll.

Cobras

The king cobra is one of the our largest reptiles. They can stretch up to the five to six meters making them the longest venomous snake on the planet. To put this in perspective, the Cobra stretches longer than a car and can stand higher than a human.

It injects a torrent of toxins with just one bite. The cobra’s neurotoxic venomous bite is not as toxic as other snakes but what it lacks in toxicity it makes up in volume. It can inject 200 to 500 milligrams per bite. Only 12 mg are needed to kill a human. The toxins immediately attack the nervous system, shutting down to respiratory function and killing in just minutes.

The Cobra has the reputation of being one of the world’s smartest, most intelligent snakes. Instead of biting it will bear its fangs like a dog to scare off any adversary. When threatened, it can lift the top third of its body and look a man in the eye. Those undeterred can suddenly find themselves staring into the serpents eyes. Fortunately it is smart enough to avoid humans. Encounters a rare and recorded deaths are low.

The Cobra is a fierce predator and can be found in North Eastern India and South East Asia. It is active day and night preying upon birds lizards and small mammals.

Surprisingly, the favorite food of the Cobra is other snakes. As a matter of fact its scientific name translates into snake eater. The giant Cobra consumes its meal whole, capable of stretching its jaws far enough apart to swallow prey larger than itself.

Pythons

Pythons are the biggest and most powerful serpents in the world. Two giant pythons are the Indian Rock and the Burmese Python.

The Indian Rock is four meters long and weighs one hundred and fifty kilograms. This snake thrives in jungles from India through to China and throughout South East Asia. The Burmese Python is six meters long and has a diameter equal in size to a man’s waist.

They do not kill with venom but with strength. They hunt on land and in the water. Their prey include deer and monkeys. They thrive in marshy aquatic habitats where they can remain hidden beneath the surface as they stalk their prey from beneath the water.

On land, the python hone in on their prey using another adaptation, a heat sensing organ located on the upper lip. This enables the python to lock in on its prey before its attack. Its strike is lightning fast. It seizes its prey with razor sharp backward facing teeth to hold the captured animal in place.

The teeth of the python are designed so that the more the captured animal tries to pull away, the deeper the python teeth sinks in. Once secure the python coils its body around its victim constricting its grip tighter and tighter until the life is literally squeezed out of it. The creature dies of asphyxiation. The giant reptile then devours its meal whole.

These three creatures are the largest and most dangerous reptilian predators found anywhere in the world. All kill with their extreme size and strength. Writing about these powerful freaks of nature reminds me of a joke. What does a two thousand pound canary eat? Answer… anything it wants!

 

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What are the world’s Fastest Animals?

cheetah

1. Cheetah.

The cheetah is the planet’s fastest land and sea animal and may reach rates as high as 113 km/h (70 mph). That is approximately 0-30 miles per hour in as low as 3 seconds (as great as most Ferraris), and it might keep its cruise rate for several hundred meters (/- 400 m). The longlegs have no retractable claws which empower additional handle on the floor, and also the cat uses its tail for appropriate equilibrium and change of course.

Unusual Cat

The Cheetah will not behave like the majority of cats. It generally does not climb trees, and its own claws are just retracting partially. Instead, its design seems to have sacrificed many of the capabilities of all cats to get extra speed.

Speed

The Cheetah is apparently the speediest land pet over a brief distance. They are able to run at over 100 Kilometers one hour (60 Miles one hour). In addition they speed up extremely quickly. Their acceleration is a lot faster than most cars.

Hunting

Cheetahs mostly stay in areas with long lawn so these are well camouflaged and their victim cannot see them. They try to get near the tiny antelope or other mid-sized animal, and capture it with the remarkable acceleration then. No animal can outrun a Cheetah over a brief distance, but almost all of their usual prey animals can run quickly and keep writing for much beyond a Cheetah. If the Cheetah attracts up with the victim it tries to knock down the pet with a blow from its paw. The Cheetah melts away a whole lot of energy in each run after, and must rest prior to the next one. No more than half the chases are successful.

2. Lion

Over 250 kilogram of pure and strong muscle, which may run as quick as 8 1 km/h (50.3 miles per hour)!

3. Wildebeest.

When they would like to match their assailants raven upon by lions and sometimes cheetah, wildebeest’s better operate quickly! They could have lousy eyesight, but their rate is quite striking: up to 80 km/h (50 miles per hour)!

4. Ostrich

The ostrich is unquestionably the very best fowl runner out there, as well as the most rapid two-legged creature on earth. Even though it can’t fly, it certainly can operate: 72 km/h (4 5 miles per hour)!

5. Thomson’s Gazelle.

In the Serengeti plains, these small men really are a cheetah’s favorite meal! Simple raven you may say, but Thomson’s gazelles have excellent stamina and legs that propel them to speeds over 65 km/h (40 miles per hour)! Nine instances out of ten, they’re going to outrun any predator over lengthier spaces, and may create sudden turns effortlessly.

6. Worldn Wild Dog.

Also referred to as “Cape Looking Dogs”, or “Painted Looking Dogs”, these wild canines possess the maximum achievement speed while searching (85%). Their velocity can be somewhat extraordinary, with sprints all the way to 64 km/h (39.7 miles per hour)!

7. Giraffe

Giraffes have an original “slow-motion” working fashion! The cowl will not make the monk, as they may readily achieve speeds of fifty km/h (3 1 mph).

8. Hippo

Yep, you heard me right, the hippo is a part of World’s best 10 most rapid creatures! Difficult to trust? They’re able to speed as much as 48 km/h (30 mph) on-land and sea, and May also run as quick as a guy can walk while submerged. Bring it on Mr. Usain Bolt, it’s still true that you have a little work out to do.

New Brunswick: Merely to set things into view, Usain Bolt (the quickest guy living ‘ti l this day) SIMPLY runs at 37.57 kph (2 3 miles per hour). Simple peezy, operate this in my own slumber.To put it differently, hadn’t even allow it to be in this list.

9. Rhinoceros

45 km/h (27.9 mph) for the Black rhino, and about 40 km/h (24.8 mph) for the White rhinoceros over short distances. Not to be disturbed!

2. 10. African Elephant

9-12 km/h is generally the standard, while total price “get out-of-the-way” tempo readily reaches rates upwards of 40 km/h! Rumor has it that a charging elephant might be prevented by throwing a huge rock (or log) in the front of the creature’s fore toes. Have never attempted it, but would not urge you taking the threat though…an elephant cost is something that that you will not overlook.

 

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What is the largest bird?

ostrich

 

Do you know what the largest bird on Earth is? Answer: An ostrich! Ostrich is a large flightless bird native to Africa. It is scientifically known as Struthio camelus. Some useful facts about the ostrich to help you increment your insight about this bird. The ostrich is the fastest two-legged runner in the entire world. It can achieve a speed of 45 miles for every hour which is about twice to what the fastest human can accomplish. The digestive system of an ostrich is about twice the length of that of a human.

Ostrich is only living types of the family Struthionidae. Ostrich shares the request Struthioniformes with kiwis, emus, and other ratites. The appearance of the bird is very particular, and it is characterized by the nearness of long neck and legs. The legs are adapted for running swiftly with a speed of about 70 km/h which is the top speed adopted by any land-abiding bird. It is the largest bird living today and lays the largest measured egg. It eats on plant material as well as on creepy crawlies. It lives in nomadic gatherings which may contain 5-50 individuals. At the point when threatened it either lays flat on the ground or simply flees. At the point when attacked it kicks the adversary with the effective legs. The male makes a territory and regularly battles for a harem of 5-7 females. They are farmed all over the world for their feathers which are utilized for decorative purposes and the preparation of the feather dusters. The skin is used for leather, and the meat is marketed commercially.

The body may weigh about 63-130 kg with males weighing exceptionally much heavier about 155 kg. The feathers of adult males are black with white primaries and a white tail. The tail of one subspecies is buff-hued. Females and young males are grayish-white, and cocoa shaded. The skin of neck and thigh in ladies is pinkish-gray while that of males is blue-gray contingent on the subspecies. The eyes are also the largest among all the land vertebrates measuring 50 mm in diameter, and this is the reason that they can identify the predators from a great distance. Eyes are very much shielded from the daylight. The shade of the skin also varies among the subspecies. The tarsometatarsus of the male has red horny plates while the female has black plates. Legs lack feathers while the tarsometatarsus is secured with scales. There are two toes on each foot and the larger one bears a nail, and the internal toe takes after the foot. The external toe lacks nail. The decrease in the quantity of toes is an adaptation for swift running. Ostriches can run continuously for 30 minutes with a speed of 72.4 km/h. The wing span is about 2 meters and is utilized amid romance display and as a part of ensuring the chicks. Feathers lack tiny snares that secure the external feathers in the flying birds and so are delicate and fluffy and act as insulators. They have 50-60 tail feathers.

Ostriches never require drinking water. Some water is made within in their system, and whatever remains of water is removed from the vegetation they eat.Contrary to an immensely prevalent misconception made by antiquated Roman encyclopedist and logician Pliny the Elder, an ostrich does not bury its head in the sand at the principal indication of threat. Be that as it may, it stretches its long neck level on the sand while sleeping which may appear as though it has covered its head in the sand from a separation. Ostrich population wouldn’t have made due for 120 million years by burying its head in the sand.

Did you realize that the brain of an ostrich is smaller than both of its eyeballs and each of its every eye is the span of a billiard ball? It kicks forward. Appears to be peculiar? A few guys achieve a tallness of 8 feet. It has a place with the Ratite family, which implies flightless bird. This is no more somewhat known actuality that egg of an ostrich is the largest of all eggs, however, did you realize that it is, indeed, the littlest egg about size of the bird.

 

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What is the largest animal in the sea?

blue-whale

The blue whale is certainly the largest animal in the sea. It is certainly a very famous animal that most people will know about, but there are also lots of little facts about the animal that people will not know of.

One thing that everyone does know is that the blue is the largest creature in the world, and is in fact the largest animal that has ever lived on planet Earth. Their size will range between roughly 80 feet and 100 feet and their weight will also arrange between the same numbers in tonnes. Usually you will find larger animals in the southern hemisphere then you will get in the northern hemisphere.

Most of the time Blue Whales swim far off shore only surfacing for brief periods usually for only a few seconds at a time. In late summer however many of these creatures gather to feed. Researchers then have a chance to tag them. They can then track them during the winter migration south with satellite tags. With this information, researchers have discovered that these whales mate and give birth in the tropics.

Blue Whales feed during the winter when they mate and give birth. They are twice the size of more commonly known whales. Experts know little about them. An adult female Blue Whale can weigh almost 180 tonnes which is heavier than 25 fully grown elephants. The heart alone is the size of a small car and weighs close to 500 kilograms. They grow to be as long as three buses.

Blue Whales do not have teeth. When they open their mouths, pleats of skin allow their throat to expand letting them suck in krill and tiny crabs. Plankton and krill make up nearly all of the diet of the Blue Whale. The largest animal on the planet feeds on one of the smallest. It takes around one metric tonne of krill to fill a Blue Whales stomach and they can devour three and a half tonnes of these small shrimp-like crustaceans every day.

Cousins of the Blue Whale, humpbacks, generally do not eat during the winter months when they are mating and calving. Blue Whales, however, are three times heavier than their relatives. Blue Whales are so big that they need to eat continuously to keep up their energy levels all year round. Mating and calving require these giants to expend energy and a productive place to provide the fuel.

Blue Whales can also make some of the loudest calls of any animal but we require special technology to hear them. Scientists are capable of decoding certain sounds made by certain whales and attempt to interpret what they may mean by comparing the acoustic signals to the behavior observed.

Scientists attach probes to the whales via a suction. The tags record how deep the whales dive, its pitch and roll and how it approaches its prey. These probes are also used to record surrounding sounds. The sounds the researchers are particularly interested in are the sounds of ships in the shipping lanes. The researchers hope that the information from these probes can answer questions such as how loud the sounds of the ships are compared to the whale and whether and how the noise from these ships affect the whales.

 

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